pericles' funeral oration analysis

In his funeral oration, Pericles speaks of the intangible qualities that make Athens great, beyond their simple military might. This war was fought between the two most powerful city-states of ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta. Pericles extolls several of the virtues of Athens, most of them centered on the then-unique form of democracy. He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership. The methods he used to do so seem worthy of examination since citizens of more modern representative democracies should understand how their leaders manipulate (or to use a less negative term, “encourage”) them to take certain actions. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles And Lincoln's Funeral Oration. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0. ’ The funeral oration is not just an honoring of the patriotic men that died fighting for Athens but also a call to all the other sons, brothers and fellow citizens of the honorable fallen to live a life as honorable as them. Here you can order a professional work. Free proofreading and copy-editing included. Analysis Of Pericles Funeral Oration. Pericles then continues to his central theme, extolling the uniqueness and virtue of Athens and its system of government: democracy. Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. Since the analysis also considers the efficacy of the speech, there is a neo-Aristotelian or classical element to the underlying approach. Haven’t found the relevant content? Pericles is speaking at the funeral for the dead of Athens, standing in front of the tomb in which they are interred. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War . In 431 BCE, the statesmen Pericles delivered one of his most famous speeches of all time. Pericles gave his oration, or ceremonial speech, about 431 BCE. “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Why do we fight wars if they just cause death and sorrow. But what is more inspiring is the way Pericles delivered the speech in the Greek famous War. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Abraham Lincoln delivered the “Gettysburg Address” in the middle of the American Civil War, during a dedication to the dead Union soldiers of the Battle of Gettysburg. All of them have contributed to the affairs of the civilization either in one way or the other. The people of our nation need to be grateful that they are even a part of a country that’s so superior, that it’s worth dying for. In the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta, Pericles, Athens’ general and statesmen, delivered a powerfully comforting eulogy to the polis of Athens. Pericles emphasized the power of the Athenian people and in particular their ability to work together for the greater good of the city by putting aside what they might want in the moment as individuals. https://schoolworkhelper.net/pericles-funeral-oration-analysis-athenian-democracy/, Tillie Olsen’s I Stand Here Ironing: Summary & Analysis, Shakespeare’s Macbeth: History & Analysis, The Roswell UFO Crash: Summary & Analysis, The German Great Inflation: Summary & Analysis, The 1968 Tet Offensive: Summary & Analysis, The Scarlet Letter: Hester Character Analysis, “On the Sidewalk, Bleeding”: Analysis & Theme, Power, Control and Loss of Individuality in George Orwell’s 1984, Augustus’ Role in Shaping the Roman Empire. Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and democracy that we center our government upon. It only takes seconds! I'd like to know more about placing an order, Rhetorical Analysis Example to Be Inspired. Webb Funeral Home Spruce Pine Nc. Pericles’ in fact used multiple methods in garnering support; since the “paragraphs” of the first half his speech are so highly organized, with one thought or idea moving clearly and substantially to the next, we will analize his speech part by part. Great news for our customers. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. 1068 Words 5 Pages. He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership. Required fields are marked *, Personal 15% discount on your first order. Pericles describes Athenian democracy as a system of government where men advance on merit rather than on class or wealth. Pericles was a famous Greek general. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, translated by Rex Warner, Penguin Books, 1972, pages 144-150.) In a statement full of patriotism, Pericles proclaims: “We cultivate refinement without extravagance and knowledge without effeminacy; wealth we employ more for use than for show, and place the real disgrace of poverty not in owning to the fact but in declining the struggle against it.” That he could so effectively move from appeals to the audience’s sense of pride, comfort, and patriotism to an outright call to war proved curious. Let us do your homework! Assignment: Analysis of Pericles' Funeral Oration Pericles led Athens at the height of its classical glory, and from the funeral oration he gave, as recorded by Thucydides, we get a sense of how the Athenians thought of themselves, as well as the role that public speaking played in their culture. The “Funeral Oration” of Pericles stands as one of the great speeches of Western history. Pericles Funeral Oration In the fifth century BCE the city of Athens was lead by a man named Pericles. Pericles’ funeral oration remains a poignant reminder that all things come at a cost. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. Filed Under: Essays. Show More. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. 2 pages, 523 words. This famous speech was written by Thucydides, but given by Pericles sometime during Athens’ Pelponnesian War. Your email address will not be published. The “Gettysburg Address” and Pericles’ “Funeral Oration” were two similar speeches given at vastly different times in history. Funeral Oration | Summary & Analysis. Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian… This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles’ funeral oration to the Athenians at the end of the first year of war. Pericles glorifies the “equal justice to all” under the law that all men of Athens share and glorifies their superiority over their peer poleis. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. Pericles Funeral Oration is a speech that was given by Pericles whom was the Athenian 's Strategos (military commander) and written down by the famous historian, Thucydides that was an Athenian that attended the speech. Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis. Great news for Your Writers. Pericles’ funeral oration “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. It was the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BCE). The first theme, fitting in that the speech was given at a funeral for war heroes, is that the most valiant way a man can live and die is in service of freedom and his city – in this case Athens. LITERARIUM LIMITED 2nd Floor, 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to make the speech. Pericles Funeral Speech Analysis Essay. This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles’ speech offers a sort of road-map not only to determine how to construct such a speech, but for the audience to understand the appeals presented before them. In a democracy, men can act how they wish without fear of judgment or retaliation from their neighbor, so long as they act within the confines of the law. Being an Athenian, his account gives us an eyewitness record of not only the events, but the causes and motives that lead up those events. Pericles occupies a central role for two reasons. Share. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and the accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the particular dead had fought for. This kind of speech was generally given at a mass funeral, to honor many who had died fighting in the war. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. Click to copy Summary The Peloponnesian War. Pericles is something of a messy play--the plot is repetitive and silly at times, the characters lack depth, the presentation of a "chorus" figure is old-fashioned and undramatic. Pericles' Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz (1852) When the bodies had been buried, it was customary for some wise and prudent notable and chief person of the city, preeminent in honor and dignity, before all the people to make a prayer in praise of the dead, and after doing this, each one returned to his House. Scholars found a written record of this speech. Pericles describes Athenian democracy as a system of government where men advance on merit rather than on class or wealth. In the case of Governor Pericles – whose power depended on the will of the people– and given that the war promised to escalate beyond what anyone had anticipated, he used the public event as an opportunity to pull the population of Athens together and rouse support. The ability to move from patriotic appeals to a call for sacrifice, or of arms, should be understood by the audience of any representative democracy in order that they may rationally manage their own destinies and that of their nation. Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration, from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was made by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Modern parallels of the Pericles' Funeral Oration. Pericles extolls several of the virtues of Athens, most of them centered on the then-unique form of democracy. This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in 431 B.C., just after the start of war. One of those great people includes Pericles who was a high profile statesman, a prominent orator, and general of Athens in the times between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. Hire a subject expert to help you with Analysis of Pericles Speeches. (Ancient Background Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book installment payments on your 34-46). ) And while we might enjoy several luxuries within our own lifetime, there are often those who suffer selflessly on our behalf; falling again and again under the blows of outrageous fortunes so that we might live contently, peacefully. This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War while assuring the people that their city state is in good hands, and easing the pain of all the families and relatives of the deceased. After critically analyzing the Pericles’ Funeral Oration Response, I came to the conclusion that the primary thinking for the speech was due to catastrophic deaths of soldiers, however the content within the Funeral oration was very revealing and powerful. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles And Lincoln's Funeral Oration. Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Pericles' Funeral Oration Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Pericles' Funeral Oration Introduction Greece has seen many great orators, leaders and reformers. Pericles succeeded in it and garnered massive support for a war that was not going well and already appeared may drag on longer than anticipated, requiring great loss of blood, treasure, and the sacrifice of daily comfort at home. Your email address will not be published. Sample Funeral Programs. Your online site for school work help and homework help. In a statement oozing with patriotism, Pericles proclaims: “We cultivate refinement without extravagance and knowledge without effeminacy; wealth we employ more for use than for show, and place the real disgrace of poverty not in owning to the fact but in declining the struggle against it.” It is these balanced priorities and powerful show of moderation that makes Athens great. 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