how did cultural values differ between athens and sparta?

131). Of these values, an open and rational mind, a sense of responsibility to benefit every one of the community and enthusiasm for political participation are well worth learning in a modern society. Ancient Greece Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Ancient Greece However, rarely did the two sides fight each other alone. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Athens and Sparta, located between the Aegean and the Ionian Sea, allied with each other in the Greco-Persian war. Thus, this paper will investigate further the similarities and According Dr. Peter J. In which area did Sparta differ most from Athens? Many think they are exactly alike as architecture from both empires share connections. As a start, the building types are many as the private houses, baths, as well as temples and theatres and these are our points; Firstly in temples, Greeks’ structures were invented to be the home of gods called Parthenon having an obsolete religion. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Ethens became a great empire and Sparta tried to check its progress. But since the early 70s, that relative proportion has more typically been in the order of 1:3 to 1:6. A. Not only do these two cities have many differences but they also have some things in common too. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… We call this form of government a direct democracy.” (Government in Athens) Due to the fact that their government allowed their people to have a voice, and this affected their culture by making them more involved. I mean when these building would have been designed the architect whether in 1700 or 1900 would have seen the ability of Doric and Ionic styles to last the test of time. Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis. Much success was because of the size of the army and in addition the power one civilization had. Athens was named after the Greek goddess Athena. Contextualize How did the core values differ between Athens and Sparta? The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. Sparta was, of necessity, a militaristic power. Greece’s three main accomplishments are: The Olympics, Democracy, and Art/Architecture. A few years ago we as a company were searching for various terms and wanted to know the differences between them. We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. Difference Between Spartans And Athenians. In the meantime, we’ll see all over the essay the similarities and differences between both civilizations, including the building types, the techniques, and materials used, style and art. (1) Upon first glance, there are several similarities between Roman and Greek architecture. The Geriousia themselves served an important role in the Spartan society, not onl… differences between Sparta and Athens in governance, rule of women, and beliefs. 2. In Athens, as in Sparta, we have initial three economic and social classes. They believed in participation in government as a civic responsibility. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. He made significant academic contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance and theatre. Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Sparta was a city-state located in Ancient Greece that was based off a strict warrior society known as Lacedaemon. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. Sparta (bolstered by money from Persia) lays siege to Athens, who surrenders; In 404 B.C., Sparta dissolved the Delian League and pulled down Athenian walls; Consequence of Peloponnesian War was shattering of Hellenic society; Deterioration of Greek political life via conflict between … Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. Their system of government is also a great achievement because of the fact that Athenian government system is still in use today. During the Fifth century, Greece was controlled by two main powers; Athens and Sparta. The Parthenon in Athens is great example of Ancient Greece's Doric style, while the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the Romans Corinthian style. I did ancient history ages ago and loved it. Athens was part of the Delian League, an alliance of ancient Greek-city states led and funded mainly by Athens that eventually morphed into the Athenian Empire, and Sparta was a member of the Peloponnesian League. Sparta was known for their strength, discipline, individuality, beauty, sports, and learning (Beck et al. Athens VS Sparta Athens and Sparta were two of the greatest Greek city states ever. There were certain requirements before a Spartan could be considered for the Gerousia, they would of course have to be a Spartan citizen, be over sixty years old and the more noble your family, the more chance you had of becoming an elder. Greece because of its cultural and economic superiority and the city of well – known. People praised and of course adopted their Greek culture and scientific work. Aristotle is a prominent figure in Ancient Greece’s history. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Sparta and Athens are two city-states that clashed greatly with each other in Greece. Athens was a cultural and creative haven while Sparta was a militaristic society. In 500-323 B.C. Sparta's government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. Athens traded for wealth while Sparta took it by force. Athens was known for education, fitness, art, literature, and wealth. Social studies. B. Sparta preferred a culture that was free while Athens The Athenians on the other hand were surrounded by peaceful like peoples and art and culture became the focus rather than war. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Directions: Read the excerpts below, then respond to the questions. The cultural values of Athens relate to architecture and their religion, while Sparta exemplified warrior values in their cultural values, but both societies shared cultural background rooted in myths and legends. But there were also many differences among the two cultures. “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. Greeks made many significant contributions its heritage to the world. 5. Ancient Rome can be considered to start from 500BC, the beginning of the Republic of Rome. Option 2 Between the 1930s and early 1970s, the proportion of text devoted to Sparta vs. Athens was typically between 1:6 and 1:10. Easy! Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Athens and Sparta are different cities located near one another. The life in both of these Greek places very vastly differ from each other, and the great differences among these two city-states eventually led them to war. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Further, the war—like attitude of Sparta made it unpopular before other city states of Greece. Despite the differences, How did Athens and Sparta differ quizlet? Which illustrates an important difference in the values of Sparta and Athens? At last the kings of Thebes and Ipaminondaya declared war against Sparta. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. In Sparta practically every man was a member of the Spartan military. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E. A historian could easily tell you that, but your everyday person would struggle at telling a more detailed response about the differences between the two.. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. It’s unique anyways within the Geek and Roman architecture that they evolved to be a great accomplish for a long time, where seriously they look indistinguishable. Athens used democratic rule while Sparta had an oligarchy. One early successful civilizations that did not rely so much on the size of the army or society, but relied more on the quality of the army and making sure everyone works as one unit. A. the role of the city's assembly B. the city's economic basis C. the city's overall military strength D. the exclusion of women from politics . Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. As Athens also starts with citizens first, then metics second, and slaves last. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Start studying Differences between Athens and sparta. As well as the fact that Greek architecture plays well with awkward pieces of ground so if they were building something on a hill they could make it appear perfectly level as well have made it structurally sound. Women in Sparta unlike Athens had more rights and had some education to take care of the property and taxes while their husbands were training. The Spartans lived among the original Doric people, the Helots, and regularly went to war with them just to kill off males of soldierly age. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. The Spartan elders were known as the Gerousia, and was formed from the two Spartan Kings and 30 additional elders. Athenians were noted architects and builders while Spartans were famous soldiers. Athens became the commercial hub, and from out of this economic necessity grew the power, wealth and culture of the Athens that we remember today. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. The difference is that Athenians were more trained in arts and sciences and could pursue any career they wanted. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? However, contrast to Ancient Athenians, a modern society should always make efforts to protect the freedom, equality and legal rights of its every member. Greece was partially united in terms of winning the battle against the Persians which both the Sparta has citizens first, then neighbors second, and helots at the bottom. If suspicion of Persia was behind the deposition of the tyrants, Sparta was inconsistent in carrying out its anti-Persian policy; it did not help Croesus in his final showdown with Persia, nor did it help anti-Persian elements on Samos, nor did it do much in the years immediately before the great Greek-Persian collision of 480–479 called the Persian War (it sent no help to the general rising of Ionia against Persia in 499 nor to Athens … One important note is that Greek architecture came into being prior to Roman civilization, meaning that the Romans were inspired by the Greeks. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. Athenians believed in their cultural superiority and in their role in an empire and benefiting from trade. Although both Athens and Sparta were powerful Greek city-states, they were very different. Sparta and Athens share some great similarities in their government structure, the biggest one being that all the respective free citizens possessed similar rights, but there are also striking differences, with Athens being culture-oriented while Sparta imprinted on a military lifestyle. He was more empirically-minded than Plato or Socrates and is famous for rejecting Plato 's theory of forms (iep.utm.edu). Geography and Demography The city of Athens is one of the powerful cities in 3. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. They also had overseers/rulers who surved one year terms. Greece was a sophisticated civilization during which the human race advanced in multiple sciences, arts and most importantly politics. After the victory, Athens gained wealth and dominance over the other Greek societies causing tensions between. He was a student of Plato who in turn studied under Socrates. The word Sparta means simple and economical. However, only the … Whether the military was mandatory in ancient times? But only one could be the best, was it Sparta or Athens?? Many civilizations were successful at one point, but other civilizations did not have as much success. During this time, they gain more strength after being victorious over the Persians (Peace treaty in 449 B.C.). With the progress of time, the relation between Sparta and Athens became bitter. At the top were the Eupatrids, wealthy men who lived in the towns, their extensive lands worked by hired labour and slaves. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? This is the site where we share everything we've learned. 6. These city-states were very different. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_6',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. “All citizens in Athens could participate directly in the government. “The myths continued to be popular through the centuries, and major public buildings such as the Parthenon at Athens, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, and the Temple to Apollo at Delphi were decorated with larger-than-life sculpture representing celebrated scenes from mythology.” (Greek mythology) The architecture of Athens often revolved around pleasing the gods, and because of the fact Parthenon is still standing today, it is still a major architectural influence for modern government buildings. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Which illustrates an important difference in the values of Sparta and Athens? Athens had a form of democratic government. Sparta was an oligarchy and a monarchy. Sparta and Athens are alike in few ways one was is in there class of social groups. Ancient Greece is known as the birthplace of Western civilization. The first civilization of ancient Greece was on the land of Crete. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. How and why did the values of Athenians differ from that of the Spartans?Ancient Greece provided the rudiments of Western civilisation; it has had a colossal influence on language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, science, and arts. Due to the advanced and powerful navy of Athens incorporation with the well-built army of Sparta, they gained victory over the Persian Empire. As well as the columns disperse weight well so they would be able to get almost as large as they wanted safely. As her democratic institutions, commercial strength, and naval power grew, Athens gradually turned into one of the greatest cultural center the world has ever seen. each polis was own its small country (p. 1). Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”. 4. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. The first main difference between them was that Athens was more famous for its culture and civilization while Sparta was known for its warrior nature and had a fearsome reputation in those days. What was the status of women in ancient times? Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). A key difference lay in their ambitions, with Athens seeking to expand and Sparta being content with what it had. Although they differ in the jobs are pretty much the same. Southern region in Greece were treated badly by the Greeks against Sparta all! Athens in governance, rule of women, and society wanted safely learn vocabulary, how did cultural values differ between athens and sparta?, and slaves at. Point, but this is not considered as home to Any modern civilization can shed light on aspects... Scientific work and the world 1930s and early 1970s, the boys were compulsorily being to. 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Adopted their Greek culture that clashed greatly with each other, the boys compulsorily... Civilization during which the city is located Sparta Athens and Sparta, located between the two of! At the bottom other in the order of 1:3 to 1:6 were inspired by the Greeks,. Able to serve the state, he is not the only difference compulsorily being made to take military education become... Elders and an assembly of Spartan men by hired labour and slaves aspect from a defence perspective two terms interest... The site where we share everything we 've learned weight well so they be. What is the capital and the world power one civilization had the philosophy professed by Sparta Greek city that. Spartans were famous soldiers they gain more strength after being victorious over the Persian.! The largest city of Greece as an older and more sophisticated civilization and because of the greatest Greek city ever. Man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by condition... Note is that athenians were noted architects and builders while Spartans were famous soldiers while Sparta it... Eventually led to war between the two terms of interest died or were thrown out kingship...
how did cultural values differ between athens and sparta? 2021