weaknesses in teaching social studies in the philippines

ERIC Digest. Modern education has ushered in learner-centered approach to education (from being the sage in the stage to just a guide on the side). This is prevalent among some franchised academic institutions even if the subjects are already off-tangent their area of interest and specialization. Journal of Teaching in Social Work: Vol. Mostly, this has been the case in the teaching of History subjects from the elementary to tertiary levels and will most likely perpetuate in the next generations to come. tests in social studies at a number of grade levels. RBEC Time Allotment Secondary School Curriculum Subjects Allotted Time/ Week Unit Credit English 300 min 1.5 Filipino 240 min 1.2 Mathematics 300 min 1.5 Science 400 min 1.8 MAKABAYAN * Social Studies 240 min 1.2 * TLE (Technology & Livelihood Education) 240 min 1.2 * MAPEH 240 min 1.2 * Values Education 120 min 0.6 CAT 35 hrs/yr 0.3 you Students looking for free, top-notch essay and term paper samples on various topics. They promote the participation of studies in civic life and develop their ability to address societal conflicts and problems. >> Decisions now must be made about how to best utilize these social scientists. The mission of National Council for the Social Studies is to advocate and build capacity for high-quality social studies by providing leadership, services, and support to educators. Fortunately, social studies is a pretty all inclusive subject. The continuous process made great impacts in the lives of millions of Filipinos. They have survived their infancy and there are a number of well-trained professionals in each of the major fields. << Mostly, this has been the case in the teaching of History subjects from the elementary to tertiary levels and will most likely perpetuate in the next generations to come. Thus, the K to 12 education program can be considered a sine qua non for the fulfillment of the government’s agenda of trawling the path of the globalization project, which has only made the country vulnerable to the world economic crisis and has yielded the very crisis that plagues Philippine education. Four major drawbacks of the use of the Internet were reported by the teachers, viz. In the name of profit and as a response to the dictates of the market forces, colleges and universities prefer to offer more courses in line with the health sciences like nursing, medical transcription, and care-giving. Categories: Education Issues Philippines. students' cheating, unreliable information, technical It is therefore Eurocentric, culturally insensitive, and non-reflective of the local milieu. Government officials and other advocates who are so insistent in adding two more years in the school cycle should thus join the clamor for higher wages and the regulation of prices of basic commodities and services, push for the expansion and institutionalization of student financial support systems and scholarships, and more importantly, fight for greater state subsidy to education at all levels. Provincial examinations in all subjects including social studies contain many if not most elements of standardized tests.4 Whatever benefits such tests have in determining student acquisition of basic facts and simple skills, they do not set a standard as to what students should be able to do. This is done at the expense of the already undersubscribed yet relevant courses like Area Studies, Pilipinolohiya (Philippine Studies), Development Studies, Philippine Arts, Art Studies, Community Development, Social Work, Islamic Studies, Clothing Technology, and Ceramics Engineering. Take the case of the grading system, timeframe allotted to various subjects, MAKABAYAN program, readiness test, and learning competencies. In Grades 7 and 8, TLE subjects are exploratory, which means that the learner is given the opportunity to learn 5 basic competencies: In Grade 9, the learner chooses one course to specialize in from among the exploratory courses and in Grade 10, he/she pursues the TLE specialization that he/she has chosen in the previous grade in order for him/her to obtain at least a National Certificate Level I or Level II. Learning and teaching approaches The old adage ‘if all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail’ is equally true of teaching strategies. The respondents are twenty Social Studies teachers coming from public and private secondary schools. In the process of studying the MAKABAYAN curriculum, there is a weak conceptualization of social studies due to a loose definition of the learning area and the lack of framework thereof. They are often curious and want to use their (primary stage) sense of touch, vision and smell. Duration of BSEd in Social Studies in the Philippines The BSEd in Social Studies in program takes 4 years to complete. Let a Professional Expert Help You, Ask a professional expert to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree to the terms and conditions of our service. It is not that difficult to understand why, despite the additional costs the program would entail, the public generally appears to take President Benigno Aquino III’s K to 12 basic education program sitting down. Social Studies is a key tool in this changing world. The inclusion of Social Studies in the curriculum right from primary to secondary classes signifies the importance of the subject and the role it plays in a student’s life. It is contemptible, how at a young age people are told to pursue whatever dreams they have but education agencies would be coming up with a list of courses that are highly discouraged simply because they are not what the global market demands. Equally alarming is the lack of enthusiasm and motivation exhibited by some professors to handle the subject especially if they believe that it has nothing to do with the course or area of specialization of their students (say, Art Appreciation for Accounting majors or Algebra for Creative Writing majors). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/problems-and-issues-in-philippine-education-essay. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Don’t waste Your Time Searching For a Sample, Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (Mdgs) for Education in Ethiopia, Indigenization of psychology in the Philippines, 21st Century Technologies and Their Relationship to Student Achievement, occupational health and safety in the workplace. Objectives The program aims to develop social studies education practitioners who can: Demonstrate a deep understanding of the theoretical and disciplinal foundations of social studies education; Design and develop theoretically If the only classroom teaching strategy you know is traditional lecturing, that is the teaching tool you will likely use for all classroom situations. Women, the common tao and the indigenous people are almost historically excluded from the Philippine historiography in favor of the men, heroes from Luzon and the power elite. Get a verified expert to help you with Problems and Issues in Philippine Education, Are You on a Short Deadline? This freedom of choice touted by the K to 12 proponents, however, is illusory since the student’s choice is actually limited by the reality that higher education has become a privilege and that the worsening economic conditions in the country are pushing Filipinos to seek jobs instead of pursuing higher education. This case is true for both undergraduate and graduate studies. The K to 12 program’s thrust of producing “21st century graduates” is nothing but an affirmation and a reinforcement of the country’s role in the uneven world order where economies such are ours are molded according to the interests of the powers-that-be. While the intentions seem laudable at first glance, the underlying context of the implementation of the K to 12 program could be best understood by looking at the government’s problematic general development framework that is the Philippine Development Plan, which seeks to reinforce the country’s adherence to the flawed development paradigm of neoliberal globalization. Some textbooks which are already circulation are both poorly written and haphazardly edited. Basic problems such as lack of teacher training and the failure of the government to address input gaps are also considerations that if left unaddressed may imperil the full implementation of the program. The revised program aims to develop practitioners and leaders who will strengthen Social Studies education. Teachers, more often than not, are victimized by the over-worked and under-paid policy of the system of the past and present dispensations. To a certain extent, the Philippine educational system conditions its students to be skillful in arithmetic and computer literacy, fluent in foreign languages (specifically English and Nihonggo), and docile in order to serve as workers of the transnational businesses of the advanced, capitalist countries. The wealthy can easily send their offspring to private schools, many of which offer first-class education to the privileged class of pupils. see more:k-12 advantages and disadvantages. Society also continues to regard education as essential to social mobility, an “investment” worth undertaking as the “costs do not outweigh the benefits.” Owing to its highly commercialized character, tertiary education has also become inaccessible for many Filipinos. The teachers ignored the activity oriented nature of social studies. But, it can also have very rewarding results for your students when done with fidelity. Our country has gone through many changes and development for the past few years. The social studies curriculum standards should remind curriculum developers and others of the overarching purposes of social studies programs in grades pre-K through 12: to help young people make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good as citizens of a culturally diverse democratic society in an interdependent world. But a fundamental flaw of the program that merits equal attention is its inability to address the problem of decreasing access to education. As I always underscore, there are no boring subjects, only boring teachers.But at least we should recognize them because they still serve a purpose. [/ICCBased 3 0 R] There are numerous questions concerning the issues and problems existing in the Philippine Educational System as to how we can resolve it the best way we could to attain that kind of quality of education we have been searching and longing for. students' cheating, unreliable information, technical /N 3 Later, via Web 2.0, the Internet in the social ... social studies teachers recognize the value of ICT integration in their class, and various ... • How participants saw their strengths and weaknesses as teachers, and the opinions The study employed a typical case analysis of a selected cluster of Social Studies teachers, among the five city divisions in Cebu, who attended the Grade 9 Mass Training for Social Studies in summer, 2014. Poverty, the peace situation, and other societal factors all contribute to the increasing drop-out rates that cannot be remedied by mere curricular reforms and additional years of schooling. As I’ve gone through different readings and researches, questions were arising in my mind as to what solutions are applicable in addressing the problems about the quality of education, affordability, budget, mismatch, integration of sex education in the curriculum, R.A. 9710 (Magna Carta for Women) and other concerns which are somehow related to it. Career Opportunities For Graduates of BSED in Social Studies in The Philippines Teachers, administrators and publishers are all left in limbo whenever the DepEd would come up with another totally different directive from what it used to have in a rather very sudden interval. The program’s objective to produce “globally competitive graduates” also run counter to the supposed freedom that the student possesses in choosing his or her career path. In this section, find out more about key social studies teaching and learning approaches, including building conceptual understandings, and approaches to social inquiry. Expectedly, this will correspondingly result to the vicious cycle of mediocrity in education. The strategieswhich will serve as intervention to the challenges were also identified. Furthermore, school survival rates are not merely influenced by the student’s mental and cognitive abilities. Unfortunately, it is just one of the many other similar atrociously written textbooks which are yet to be identified and exposed. With Social Studies as an integrated study of bansa at daigdig” [10] . Some educators in the name of conservatism and for the sake of convenience, prefer the old-style teaching paradigm where they view themselves as the fountain of knowledge and their students as nothing but empty vessels to be filled up (banking method of education). Needless to say, plagiarism has already transformed into a more sophisticated form in the context of today’s electronic age. In the process of studying the MAKABAYAN curriculum, there is a weak conceptualization of social studies due to a loose definition of the learning area and the lack of framework thereof. The word “reform” is always easy for the public to swallow because any move to veer away from the present arrangement of things is viewed as a welcome development. There is completely nothing wrong with developing the technical and vocational skills of the citizens if these are oriented towards genuine economic development through national industrialization. Some of these myths are the perceived superiority of white, educated men, ‘official’ history as advanced by the western point of view, globalization as the only way to achieve economic development, and stereotypes against the minoritized and the disenfranchised. This comparative study was undertaken to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the social studies programs in the training of primary school teachers in the Asian countries. Drawing on contemporary research literature, recently developed curriculum guides, and blue-ribbon reports, this Digest reviews ten contemporary trends in K-12 social studies … However, the present economic orientation of the country shows that tech-voc courses supply either the demands abroad or the pool of skilled reserve labor servicing multinational firms which take advantage of the country’s cheap skilled labor. With the way these subjects are being handled (taking into account both content and methodology), students view the entire exercise as an unnecessary duplication of what they have already covered in high school. 8555 16th St, Suite 500 • Silver Spring, MD 20910 301-588-1800 • 800-296-7840 • fax 301-588-2049 The system, methodology, and even content of education in the Philippines are mere haphazard transplantation from the West. The K to 12 program reinforces this societal function of education. Where do we begin and how do we respond to such? This is based on the xenocentric (foreign-centered) premise that other culture or system is far more superior than one’s own. What use does a more “enjoyable” learning experience have when the student cannot even afford to go to school due to his or her financial woes? The curriculum is specifically designed to produce a total person, and not only a technical specialist. This probably explains why the teaching profession is not attracting the best and the brightest from the crop of students anymore. In social studies—and indeed in any subject—a major hurdle in overcoming this kind of bias is getting students to buy into what the teacher is conveying. weak conceptualization and articulation of social studies as a discipline under the said curriculum. RBEC Time Allotment Secondary School Curriculum Subjects Allotted Time/ Week Unit Credit English 300 min 1.5 Filipino 240 min 1.2 Mathematics 300 min 1.5 Science 400 min 1.8 MAKABAYAN * Social Studies 240 min 1.2 * TLE (Technology & Livelihood Education) 240 min 1.2 * MAPEH 240 min 1.2 * Values Education 120 min 0.6 CAT 35 hrs/yr 0.3 motivate the students, make teaching more fun, and allows variation in teaching. Contractual employees unlike their regular/tenured counterparts are not entitled to fringe benefits which consequently reduces the over-all cost of their business operation. Therefore, the major purpose of this study, as based on a survey research method, was to examine what methods and practices teachers use to teach social studies in the 21st century. tests in social studies at a number of grade levels. With 95 per cent of all elementary students attending public schools, the educational crisis in the Philippines is basically a crisis of public education. It serves as the foundation of social development across the country. Four major drawbacks of the use of the Internet were reported by the teachers, viz. Apart from the much debated political, social and psychological aspects, this ongoing mass emigration constitutes an unparalleled brain drain with serious economic implications.Arguably, the phenomenon also has an educational dimension, as the Philippine society is footing the bill for the education of millions of people, who then spend the better part of their productive years abroad. Aquino’s K to 12 is anchored on improving the competencies of in-school youths but fails to consider the situation of the growing number of out-of-school youths in the country who should enjoy the universally-acknowledged right of access to educational services. The internship will last for at least 1 month on every grade level. Social Studies Education: Is There A Best Method?An Exploration of the Learner-Centered, Society-Centered, and Knowledge-Centered Approaches Within our EDU 4400 Social Studies Methods class, we have discussed three unique approaches to teaching social studies: student-centered, society-centered and knowledge-centered. To overcome the threats and weaknesses, the Philippines should aspire for Provincial examinations in all subjects including social studies contain many if not most elements of standardized tests.4 Whatever benefits such tests have in determining student acquisition of basic facts and simple skills, they do not set a standard as to what students should be able to do. With the government systematically and aggressively promoting the export of labor and the dependence on external sources of jobs and economic growth through its economic policies, it can be expected that majority of the jobs and fields of learning that the students would be pursuing are those that are in tune with the demands of global market — call center jobs, technical-vocational jobs abroad, etc. The public should not take the K to 12 program as a bitter pill to swallow. Ironically, the bulk of the budget (in fact, more than one-third in the case of 2005 National Budget) goes to debt servicing. Lastly, any educational reform almost always appeals to many especially since there is a general consensus that our present state of education is in disarray. Read more: Current Issues in the Philippines, Problems and Issues in K to 12 Curriculum. 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