what is simchat torah and how is it celebrated

Hakafot on the night of Shmini Atzeret is a custom in some communites, including Chabad. After the hakafot, many congregations recite a portion of the last parashah of the Torah, V'Zot HaBerachah ("This is the Blessing ...") in Deuteronomy. In the 17th century, Rebecca bat Meir Tiktiner of Prague composed a poem about Simhat Torah. People who made these donations were called up to the Torah and given a congregational blessing. During this time, rabbis ceremoniously remove the Torah scrolls from their ark, carry them through the congregation, and read specific passages to close out the old cycle and welcome the new. In many congregations it is customary to call all eligible members of the congregation for an aliyah to the Torah on Simhat Torah. [9], OC אורח חיים תרסט see Mishnah Berurah volume 6 page 272, Maharil, cited in OC Darchei Moshe 669:3), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Video: Second Round – Post Sukkot Hakafot in Urban Israel", Day to Mark the Departure and Expulsion of Jews from the Arab Countries and Iran, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Simchat_Torah&oldid=998781011, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2017, Articles with disputed statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Translation: "Rejoicing with/of the Torah", The culmination of Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret. Reform congregations, even outside Israel, may do likewise. On each occasion, when the ark is opened, the worshippers leave their seats to dance and sing with the Torah scrolls in a joyous celebration that can last for several hours. Simchat Torah markiert Ende und Anfang des jährlichen Tora-Zyklus. In Israel it is the eighth day of Sukkot, outside of Israel it is celebrated the next day, the day after Shmini Atzeret. In the 20th century, Simhat Torah came to symbolize the public assertion of Jewish identity. Auf diese Weise hat die Toralesung niemals ein Ende. The morning service is also uniquely characterized by the calling up of each member of the congregation for an aliyah. In Israel and among Diaspora communities that only celebrate one day of holidays, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are celebrated as a combined festival. On Simchat Torah we complete the yearly cycle of Torah readings, and celebrate by dancing with the Torah. Simchat Torah is directly related to another holiday . Simchat Torah, the day after Sukkot is the celebration of the conclusion of the annual cycle of torah readings at which point we immediately start the cycle again with the reading of Bereshis, Genesis.. Get all our Simchat Torah recipe ideas here. The holiday is best known for the celebration of Simchat Torah (שִׂמְחֵת תּוֹרָה), "Rejoicing of the Torah", when Jews finish the annual cycle of reading the whole Torah out loud in synagogue. The occasion centers around the conclusion of the annual cycle of weekly Torah readings, and the beginning of the next cycle. This Crash Course in Jewish Holidays presents them as two separate days. The Simhat Torah festivities begin with the evening service. This is thought as an act of submission to the will of God as expressed in the dictates of the Torah. In northern European countries, those who had finished the reading of Deuteronomy made donations to the synagogue, after which the wealthier members of the community would give a dinner for friends and acquaintances. [8], In 1996, the Israel Postal Authority issued a postage stamp to honour the holiday. In Israel, Shemini Atzeret is celebrated concurrently with Simchat Torah. Likewise, it is a special honor to receive the first aliyah of the Book of Genesis; that person is called Hatan B'reishit (the groom of Genesis) (or Kallat B'reishit (the bride of Genesis)). See this link for exact times. Simchat Torah is celebrated by taking all the Torah scrolls out of the ark in synagogue and spending the evening dancing, singing, and rejoicing. The passage describes the prescribed offerings performed for the holiday. Simchat Torah is a component of the Biblical Jewish holiday of Shemini Atzeret ("Eighth Day of Assembly"), which follows immediately after the festival of Sukkot in the month of Tishrei (occurring in mid-September to early October on the Gregorian calendar). Children are often given flags, candies and other treats. This holiday marks the completion of the annual cycle of weekly Torah readings. Outside Israel, Simchat Torah is actually the second day of a longer holiday. SHEMINI ATZERET . Traditionally, Simchat Torah is celebrated immediately after Sukkot. It is celebrated by taking all the Torah … In Poland it was the custom to sell to the members of the congregation, on the 23rd of Tishri, the privilege of executing various functions during the services on Shabbat and Jewish festivals; i.e. In the morning, the last parashah of Deuteronomy and the first parashah of Genesis are read in the synagogue. It is a special honor to receive the last aliyah of the Book of Deuteronomy; the person receiving that aliyah is called the Hatan Torah (the groom of the Torah) (or Kallat Torah (the bride of the Torah) in synagogues that allow women to receive an aliyah). Today, the Jewish holiday of Simchat Torah is drawing to a close. In Chabad Hasidic thought, the traditional dancing with the Torah allows the Jew to act as the "feet" of the Torah, taking the Torah where it wishes to go, as feet transport the head. Why is Simchat Torah celebrated in Israel on Shemini Atzeret ? Simchat Torah is the holyday where we finish reading the Torah and start again from the beginning. During the morning service, the last portion of Deuteronomy is read, and in the evening, the new cycle of yearly Torah readings begins with the first portion of Genesis. It is a joyous time to celebrate the end and the beginning. Literally translated as “Joy of the Torah,” Simchat Torah is a day to rejoice and celebrate the Torah, which is the central body of Jewish Holy Scripture. Simchat Torah falls at the end of Sukkot. Since the Bible prohibits Kohanim (descendants of Aaron) from performing the priestly blessing while intoxicated, and there is concern that Kohanim may imbibe alcoholic beverages during the Simhat Torah festivities, the blessing was moved to before the time when alcohol would be served. In Orthodox synagogues, the dancing is mainly carried out by men and boys; children (even young girls) may also dance with their fathers. Congregations may also sing other, popular songs during the dancing. It is the day of the year that the Torah readings from the scroll are complete and the scroll is then re-rolled to begin again. Learn all about the holiday below. Outside of Israel, it is celebrated on the 23rd day of Tishrei. Many communities in Israel have Hakafot Shniyot ("Second Hakafot") on the evening following the holiday, which is the same day as Simchat Torah evening in the diaspora. When the ark is opened to take out the Torah for the Torah reading, all the scrolls are again removed from the ark and the congregation again starts the seven hakafot just like in the evening. For Christians, this celebration is a wonderful opportunity to recommit ourselves to God and His eternal Word. Each week in synagogue we publicly read a few chapters from the Torah, starting with Genesis Ch. The first day is referred to as "Shemini Atzeret" and the second day as "Simchat Torah", although both days are officially Shemini Atzeret according to Halakha, and this is reflected in the liturgy. On October 14, 1973, more than 100,000 Jews took part in a post–Simhat Torah rally in New York city on behalf of refuseniks and Soviet Jewry. It is an act that causes the Jew to inherently and naturally observe the Jewish faith. I still have my Torah and have celebrated the holiday many times with it. Simchat Torah, which comes at the end of Sukkot and is technically its eighth day, marks the end of the yearly cycle of Torah reading, and beginning of a new one. Simchat Torah is celebrated after the ending of one cycle and beginning... three hasidic jews - simchat torah stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Torah at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy, 1850. The haftarah (reading from the prophets) is the first section of the Book of Joshua. Der Feiertag fällt auf das Ende des Sukkot-Festes. Outside of Israel, Simchat Torah is celebrated on the following day. 2. God loves us so much He gave us His Word! When is Simchat Torah? In a minority of Orthodox congregations women receive aliyot in single-gender tefillah groups (prayer groups consisting only of women, who pray together), and only men are called to the Torah in front of the whole congregation. During Simchat Torah (שמחת תורה) the last Torah portion (from Deuteronomy) is read as well as the first verses of the first portion (from Genesis), thereby indicating that Talmud Torah - the study of Torah - never ends.The idea that Torah study is cyclical finds expression in the ritual of dancing around and around the Torah, known as hakkafot (הקפות). All Rights Reserved. . In Orthodox and Conservative communities outside Israel, Shemini Atzeret is a two-day holiday and the Simchat Torah festivities are observed on the second day. 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what is simchat torah and how is it celebrated 2021